Senior U.S. District Court Judge Paul Magnuson sentenced Chauvin to 252 months, but withdrew seven months from the time he served.
US lawyers asked the court to make Chauvin’s sentence equal to his 22.5-year state sentence.
The US Bureau of Prisons will decide in which facility Chauvin will be housed.
Sarah Greenman, an assistant professor of criminology at Hamline University, said life in federal prison is considered better than in state institutions.
“It’s less crowded in the federal prison, there are fewer security concerns than in a state facility,” she said, adding that there are fewer violent offenders in federal prisons, which also have larger budgets.
Footage from a Minneapolis street showed Chauvin kneeling impassively on the 46-year-old black man’s neck and back while he was handcuffed and lay in the street for more than 9 minutes, gasping for air and the Minneapolis officers said, “I can not breathe.”
According to a court document filed by his lawyer in late June, Chauvin spends most of his life in solitary confinement in a high-security state prison.
CNN’s Paul Vercammen reported from St. Paul, Minnesota, and Steve Almasy reported and wrote in Atlanta.