he Queen will celebrate 70 years on the throne in June, with the occasion marked by the Platinum Jubilee bank holiday weekend.
Queen Elizabeth II’s reign is the longest of any British monarch in history–she was only 25 when she was crowned, and turned 96 in April.
Most people alive today will only have known the Queen as their monarch. But who is next in line to the throne?
Find out below how the British monarch is chosen, as well as the full royal family line of succession.
How is the heir to the British throne chosen?
The rules used to state that that the oldest son would inherit the throne, following the system of male primogeniture. This would allow a younger brother to inherit the throne before his older sister.
However, in 2011, following the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s wedding, the rules changed to allow the first born child to be the heir to the throne, even if she were a girl. The leaders of the 16 Commonwealth countries unanimously approved the changes in October 2011.
The Succession to the Crown Act (2013) amended the provisions of the Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement. It meant that the new rules would apply to anyone born after October 28, 2011.
The Act also changed the rule that previously disqualified those who married Roman Catholics from the line of succession.
The line of succession is also regulated by Parliament, and a Sovereign can be deprived of their title due to misgovernment.
Who is the next heir to the throne?
Charles, The Prince of Wales, is next in line to the throne, as he is the Queen’s eldest son.
When the Queen dies, Charles will become the King of England, and the Duchess of Cornwall, Camilla, will become Queen Consort.
After Charles, Prince William is next in line to the throne, as he is Charles’ eldest son. When William becomes King, the Duchess of Cambridge, Catherine, will become Queen Consort.
Following William, his eldest son Prince George is next in line for the throne, as the first-born child.
Royal family line of succession full list
The full line of succession is the following:
1. Charles, The Prince of Wales
2. Prince William, The Duke of Cambridge
3. Prince George of Cambridge
4. Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
5. Prince Louis of Cambridge
6. Prince Harry, The Duke of Sussex
7. Master Archie Mountbatten-Windsor
8. Miss Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor
9. Prince Andrew, The Duke of York
10. Princess Beatrice, Mrs. Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi
11. Miss Sienna Mapelli Mozzi
12. Princess Eugenie, Mrs. Jack Brooksbank
13. Master August Brooksbank
14. Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex
15. Viscount Severn
16. The Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor
17. Margaret, The Princess Royal
18. Mr. Peter Phillips
19. Miss Savannah Phillips
20. Miss Isla Phillips
21. Mrs. Michael Tindall
22. Miss Mia Tindall
23. Miss Lena Tindall
24. Master Lucas Tindall