The report highlighted that despite the same education and work experience as men, women in India will face discrimination in the labor market because of social and employer prejudices.
Oxfam India’s ‘India Discrimination Report 2022’ shows that discrimination causes 100 percent of the inequalities faced by women in rural areas in the labor market and 98 percent in urban areas.
According to the report, self-employed men earn 2.5 times more than women, of which 83 percent is attributed to gender discrimination and 95 percent of the earnings gap between male and female temporary wage workers is due to discrimination.
According to the report, gender discrimination accounts for 98 percent of the gender employment gap.
Women in India, despite the same education and work experience as men, will be discriminated against in the labor market because of social and employer prejudices.
The report further states that 93 percent of the gender pay gap is due to discrimination.
Self-employed men in rural areas earn twice as much as women in rural areas. Male temporary workers earn Rs 3,000 per month more than women, 96 percent of which is attributed to discrimination, it said.
No less than 91.1 percent of the gender pay gap is explained by discrimination.
The academically recognized statistical model applied in the report is now able to quantify discrimination against women in the labor market. The lower wages for employed women are due to 67 percent discrimination and 33 percent to a lack of education and work experience, the report said.
Oxfam India called on the government to actively enforce effective protection measures and the right to equal pay and work for all women. The government of India should also encourage women’s participation in the workforce, including pay raises, retraining, job reservations and easy return to work after motherhood, the report said.
What the report finds is that if a man and a woman start on an equal footing, the woman is discriminated against in the economic sphere, where she is left behind in regular/paid, casual and self-employed work, he said.
“The labor market inequality across gender and other social categories, the report finds, is due not only to poor access to education or work experience, but also to discrimination,” he said.
These findings are based on government employment and labor data from 2004-05 to 2019-20.
Oxfam India report references unit-level data from the 61st round
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